在 Ubuntu 上 WordPress 架站

更新系統

sudo apt-get update && sudo apt-get upgrade && sudo apt-get dist-upgrade

下載必要元素

apt install php libapache2-mod-php php-common php-mbstring php-xmlrpc php-gd php-xml php-mysql php-cli php-zip php-curl

確定PHP狀態,建立phpinfo.php並以下加入內容

vim /var/www/html/phpinfo.php
<?php
phpinfo();
?>

在瀏覽器輸入http://<your_ip>/phpinfo.php來確定php狀態

安裝MariaDB

apt-get install mariadb-server mariadb-client

設定DataBase,以下內容可以依照個人需求設定

mysql_secure_installation

第一次設定輸入Y即可

NOTE: RUNNING ALL PARTS OF THIS SCRIPT IS RECOMMENDED FOR ALL MariaDB
      SERVERS IN PRODUCTION USE!  PLEASE READ EACH STEP CAREFULLY!

In order to log into MariaDB to secure it, we'll need the current
password for the root user.  If you've just installed MariaDB, and
you haven't set the root password yet, the password will be blank,
so you should just press enter here.

Enter current password for root (enter for none): 

現在設定Root的密碼嗎?輸入Y並依照指示設定密碼

OK, successfully used password, moving on...

Setting the root password ensures that nobody can log into the MariaDB
root user without the proper authorisation.

Set root password? [Y/n] 

移除 Anonymous Users ?輸入 Y

By default, a MariaDB installation has an anonymous user, allowing anyone
to log into MariaDB without having to have a user account created for
them.  This is intended only for testing, and to make the installation
go a bit smoother.  You should remove them before moving into a
production environment.

Remove anonymous users? [Y/n] 

關閉遠端登入root?我是輸入 Y

Normally, root should only be allowed to connect from 'localhost'.  This
ensures that someone cannot guess at the root password from the network.

Disallow root login remotely? [Y/n] 

移除Test資料表嗎?輸入 Y

By default, MariaDB comes with a database named 'test' that anyone can
access.  This is also intended only for testing, and should be removed
before moving into a production environment.

Remove test database and access to it? [Y/n] 

是否立刻重新載入資料表,輸入 Y

Reloading the privilege tables will ensure that all changes made so far
will take effect immediately.

Reload privilege tables now? [Y/n] 

使用 root 進入我們的 DataBase

mysql -u root -p

建立一個WP專用的資料庫,名為 wordpress

CREATE DATABASE wordpress;

建立一個名為wpuser的使用者,其密碼為123456
使用者名稱跟密碼可以改成你自己喜歡的

CREATE USER [email protected] IDENTIFIED BY '123456';

給wpuser這個使用者wordpress資料庫的權限

GRANT ALL PRIVILEGES ON wordpress.* TO [email protected];

最後更新所設定內容並輸入exit離開

flush privileges;
exit

若要確定wpuser這個使用者有沒有確實建立,可以嘗試登入一次,若沒問題即可exit離開

mysql -u wpuser -p
exit

cd到家目錄底下

cd ~

從tw.wordpress.org下載檔案

wget https://tw.wordpress.org/latest-zh_TW.tar.gz

解壓縮 latest-zh_TW.tar.gz

tar xzvf latest-zh_TW.tar.gz

進入 ~/wordpress 目錄

cd ~/wordpress

複製wp-config-sample.php這個檔案並將其命名成wp-config.php

cp wp-config-sample.php wp-config.php

編輯wp-config.php

vim wp-config.php

更改DataBase的資料,改成剛剛在上面所設定的

// ** MySQL settings - You can get this info from your web host ** //
/** The name of the database for WordPress */
define( 'DB_NAME', 'wordpress' );

/** MySQL database username */
define( 'DB_USER', 'wpuser' );

/** MySQL database password */
define( 'DB_PASSWORD', '123456' );

在開始複製之前,先到/var/www/html底下看目前有沒有東西,像我裡面有index.html跟phpinfo.php兩個檔案,將其刪除

cd /var/www/html
rm index.html && rm phpinfo.php

複製~/wordpress/到/var/www/html/底下

rsync -avP ~/wordpress/ /var/www/html/

接著進入http://<your-ip>/wp-config.php開始設定WordPress

密碼記得留存,等等登入會用到,好了就按 ” 安裝 WordPress “

輸入剛剛填寫的帳號及他給的密碼

登入後即會到管理介面

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